Stem Cell Treatment Overview
Regenerative medicine physicians at Minnesota Regenerative Medicine are among only a few in the region to offer stem cell treatments to relieve pain and promote functional improvement for degenerative musculoskeletal conditions. Stem cell treatments at Minnesota Regenerative Medicine involve the use of stem cells derived from the patient’s fat tissue, hence the name adipocyte-derived stem cells (ADSCs). These stem cells are more specifically referred to as mesenchymal stem cells.
Mesenchymal stem cells have the capacity to differentiate into mesenchymal tissues such as muscle fat, cartilage, bone, and tendon. For these reasons, stem cell treatments at MRM focus exclusively on regeneration of tissues of mesenchymal origin. The mitotic division and cellular differentiation capacity of a mesenchymal stem cell renders it an ideal candidate to promote natural healing and regeneration.
Not all prospective patients are suitable candidates for a stem cell treatment. See the list of frequently asked questions (FAQ) to determine what makes someone a suitable candidate.
Stem cell therapy is currently being used to treat the following degenerative musculoskeletal conditions:
- Osteoarthritis (also known as degenerative joint disease or DJD)
- Chronic tendinitis or tendinosis (tendon inflammation or degeneration)
- Painful conditions involving an avascular necrosis of bone or a non-healing fracture
- Partially torn tendon
- Partially torn ligament or significant sprain
- Shoulder labrum tear, painful rotator cuff, or frozen shoulder
- Painful knee meniscus injury
- Severe muscle strain
During collection of stem cells, surgeons use manual liposuction to obtain fat tissue form the patient that contains stem cells imbedded within its stromal vascular fraction. These collected stem cells are more specifically, mesenchymal stem cells. They are responsible for regenerating and rebuilding injured or degenerative tissues within the body. Once isolated, these mesenchymal stem cells are injected into the patient’s damaged musculoskeletal tissue using real-time imaging such as fluoroscopy and ultrasound-guidance to ensure proper placement.
Because stem cell treatment at MRM uses the patient’s own stem cells derived from fat, there is no chance of rejection.
A stem cell treatment represents a complex, complicated labor-intensive procedure that involves multiple steps and takes several hours to perform. At Minnesota Regenerative Medicine, strict FDA guidelines in the use of stem cells are followed, and at no time are stem cells manipulated, expanded or grown in culture.
Our regenerative medicine specialist consults with each patient to customize a treatment plan specific to their needs, wants, and desired treatment results.